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Manga and Anime 漫画とアニメ

Why Manga and Anime?


Many aspects of traditional Japanese art contributed to the development of Japanese manga and anime. For instance, a picture scroll, "Choojuu-jinbutsu-giga" or "Choojuu-giga" written during the Heian period, is thought to be an ancient example of the comical aspect in manga. The picture scroll "Bandainagon-emaki" created at the end of the Heian Period is comprised of alternating pictures and narrative. It also depicts activities and events progressing over time within a single picture. Thus, we can find many elements within these old picture scrolls which are common to modern manga.

From a stylistic point of view, the Ukiyoe tradition influenced manga. Ukiyoe, which was part of the popular culture of the Edo Period and appeared on greeting cards, book illustrations, and as single prints, depicted the feeling of the period rather than focusing on objective reality. Ukiyoe artist Katsushika Hokusai first used the word "manga " to describe his casual sketches. Later, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the word "manga" was used as a description of a particular art medium.

The beginning of post World War II contemporary manga started with the work of Tezuka Osamu. He is often referred to as "Manga no Kamisama" (the God of Manga) in Japan, and his work tremendously influenced many Japanese comic artists.

In this Manga and Anime Unit, we will introduce three different traditional art forms which influenced modern manga (Activity 2 - 4) and Tezuka's 20th century work, which is considered the origin of modern manga (Activity 5). Each Activity stands independent of the others, and you may choose any of the activities in any order, depending on the length of your curriculum.





Objectives Students will be able to...
  Social Studies Standards
  • recognize the technology and rhetoric of manga and anime in old Japanese art
  • recognize the art form of combining picture and letters
  Second Language Standards
  • describe people/things
  • express progress
  • describe emotions and feelings
  • describe appearance of st/sb's state of being
  • explain
  • narrate
  • summarize
Summative Assessment
  Students will conduct research and make a presentation on early manga or anime in their own country.

Unit Organization and Activities
Lesson 1 Manga and Anime

漫画とアニメ Introduction to the unit Download Word
Lesson 2 The Origin of Manga and Anime

漫画とアニメの原点 Use of personification in manga Download Word
Lesson 3 Manga and Anime Technology

漫画とアニメのテクノロジー Traits of contemporary
manga in picture scrolls
Download Word
Lesson 4 Depicting Movement

動きの描写 Traits of contemporary manga in ukiyoe Download Word
Lesson 5 Atomic Boy

鉄腕アトム Early contemporary manga Download Word
Lesson 6 Manga and Anime in your Country あなたの国の漫画とアニメ Summative assessment Download Word

Web and Literature Sources
  1. 漫画一般
    a. 漫画 - フリー百科事典「ウィキペディア(Wikipedia) –漫画
    b. Right Stuff International, Inc/Anime Resources
    c. Anime-Japan's Animated Pop Culture NIPPONIA No.27 December, 15, 2003
  2. 鳥獣人物戯画
    a. 鳥獣人物戯画 - フリー百科事典「ウィキペディア(Wikipedia) - 鳥獣人物戯画
    b. ギガス通信
    c. 世界遺産巡り
    d. 週刊「国宝」第10号
  3. 絵巻
    a. うれしたのし美術史 art history for teenagers
    b. むうくん’s Page まんが界浮遊日乗
    c. 外務省:文化外交最前線第19号
  4. 北斎漫画
    a. 「北斎漫画」ワールドへようこそ
  5. 鉄腕アトム
    a. Tezuka Osamu World
    b. 手塚治虫 - フリー百科事典「ウィキペディア(Wikipedia) - 手塚治虫
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